When the Stuart Kings were restored to the English throne after the period of Oliver Cromwell’s ‘’rule’’, Charles II’s solution to rewarding his generals with other than money was to give them title to Carolina. The Fundamental Constitution of Carolina was written in 1699 by John Locke and settlers began to arrive at the Ashley River in 1670. They named the settlement they established on the west bank of the river after their monarch, Charles Town.
Within a year for defensive reasons they moved across the river to build on the peninsula between the two rivers, Ashley and Cooper. The Constitution guaranteed tolerance and as a result French Huguenots and Sephardic Jews soon arrived to create quite a diverse community. It seems the defenses were not as good as they might have been because the pirate Blackbeard attacked and was able to take hostages for ransom. Continue reading History of Charleston